Cabins in the Claddagh
View of several dwelling houses in The Claddagh, Galway City. The houses all single story 'cabins'. Each house has a thatched
roof and a chimney. A group of over 10 children are visible outside one house., a solitary women is visible outside another
house, a woman with her back to the camera and two children are visible outside another house. These dwellings remained as
homes in the Claddagh area of Galway until the 1930s when they were demolished as unfit habitation.
Three boats are moored at a quay. They are sailing boats with upright masts. Two girls are standing on the quay. Up to ten
cabins are visible. A high wall and pillar with iron rails are visible on the right, with trees growing inside the wall.
Corrib Bridge, Galway
A view of the railway bridge over the Corrib at Woodquay taken from the western shoreline of the river. The iron bridge is
supported on limestone arched columns which are still visibile in the rriver at the site. Two boats are moored on the western
bank of the river and a quay is visible on the eastern side in the centre of the photograph. This is Steamer's Quay, so called
bacause the steamboats which carried passengers and cargo up the Corrib had their terminus here.
The Corrib Railway Bridge
View taken from inside an iron railway bridge entitled "Corrib Railway Bridge". The bridge has iron railings on either side.
The track bed is in the centre but no sleepers have yet been laid. The river Corrib is visible through the railings. The view
appears to have been taken from the western side looking east as the weir on the river is partially visible. It is likely
Welch took this picture on his first visit to Galway and Connemara in 1894 as the railway was in the process of construction
at that time. The railway opened in 1895 and continued in operation until 1935. When the railway closed the bridge was allegedly
sold to the Hammond Lane iron foundry in Dublin for £10.
St. Nicholas’, Galway
A view of the interior of St. Nicholas' church showing five arches supported by pillars. Three windows are visible with another
partially visible. A stone baptismal font is in the foreground. There are wooden pews. The floor is stone with iron heating
grills inset. St. Nicholas' dates from the early fourteenth century as the oldest tomb in the church has been assigned that
date. It was extended in the sixteenth century and has remained a place of worship up to the present.
'Young Firbolgs' Aranmore
Large group of children, both boys and girls, mostly facing camera. They are standing in front of a cottage whose partially
white-washed gable is visible. Many of the girls are wearing white pinafores. Some of the boys are wearing traditional Aran
kintted clothing. Welch's use of the word "Firbolgs" in the caption possibly refers to the legendery motif that the Aran islands
was the last bastion of the Firbolgs, a small dark race of people subsequently defeated by the Tuatha de Danann in Irish myth.
A Connemara Long Car
Photograph of wheeled vehicle drawn by four horses on a road. There are mountains and a lake in the background. A thatched
cabin in poor repair is visible behind the Long Car, which is standing on a roadway.The is a stack of turf in the foreground.
Two men wearing hats and overcoats are standing on the road way, one at the horses' heads and the second beside the long car.
Another man, presumably the driver, is seated on the box holding the reins. There are at least four other passengers on the
vehicle. The picture was taken on the Galway-Clifden road, close to the shores of Lough Shindillagh. The long car is travelling
west towards Clifden. The mountain in the background is Lackavrea.
Making the Railway at Recess Station
A track is being cut though a rock outcrop. At least thirteen workmen are visible, mostly high on the rocks to the left of
the photograph. Planks are being used as work platforms. A cart is visible in the centre of the track. Welch's caption indicates
the works are at Recess Station though there is no sign of the station. The building is still extant but in private ownership.
View of Roundstone village facing east. Most of the buildings are substantial two-storey houses which are still visible on
Roundstone's Main Street today.
View of Roundstone harbour and village facing west. A substantial fishing boat is moored beside the quay in the foregrond
with some smaller boats in the distance. A small boy sits on the quay looking into the boat. Substantial two and three-storey
houses are visible in the background as well as a church on an elevated site above the village.
Mick McQuaid’s Castle, L. Shindillagh
The photograph depicts a poorly constructed stone cabin with a thatched roof secured with ropes. A plank rests against the
thatch at the right hand end of the building. A doorway is visible in the left hand end. The whole building is only a few
metres from the shore of Lough Shindillagh. The mountain in the background is Corcog. The caption refers to a contemporary
cartoon character - Mick McQuaid - whose exploits featured in a popular periodical called the Shamrock, from the 1860s to
the early twentieth century.
Connemara Wool Spinning
A woman working a spinning wheel stands outside a partially white washing thatched cabin. A man wearing a cap and knitted
scarf stands in the doorway. A basket and a shovel are on the ground close to the spinning wheel. Wool spinning was seen as
one of the few possible profitable occupations in Connemara where sheep could be reared on the mountains.
Cashel Bay and Mountain
View of Cashel Mountain or Hill with the road running below it along the shore of Cashel Bay. A thatched cabin, with an outbuilding,
is visible in the foreground. A more substantial white two-storey, possibly slated building, is visible in the distance, on
the extreme left.
St. MacDara's Stone-roofed Oratory, Roundstone
View of substantial stone built gable building, described by Welch as St. Macdara's Oratory. There is a doorway in one gable.
Though much of the roof is gone it is possible to see that it too was made of stone. The sea is in the background. St. Macdara's
Church is located approximately one kilometre off shore. The stone roof was restored in the 1970s. A pilgrimage is held in
honour of the saint on 16 July each year.
Aran Men carrying a Canvas Currach
Three men are holding a currach aloft on the seashore. Four more currachs, as well as more people, are visible in the background.
Currachs are wooden framed boats covered in tanned leather. They are propelled by oars and are extremely light and fast. Until
the middle of the twentieth century they would have been the main form of transport for the population of the Aran Islands,
where this photograph appears to have been taken.
Killeany Holy well station and Young Natives, Aranmore
Five children are visible on either side of a stone opening. A stone pillar inscribed with a cross is visible beside them.
The girl standing is wearing a print dress with a check shawl over her shoulders. A rocky field is visible in the background.
Welch's caption identifies this as Killeany Holy Well. His reference to the children as "young natives" possibly represents
an an imperial mindset.
A Mountain Cabin, Cashel
The photograph shows a whitewashed thatched cabin with a door and two windows. The small garden in front is surrounded by
a dry-stone wall. A woman wearing a shawl and an apron is standing in front of the cottage looking at the camera. A dog sits
on a rock on the left of the photograph. Welch's caption identifes the location as Cashel and it is possibly Cashel Hill that
is visible in the background.
The Limpet Shell Mound (Kitchen Midden), Dogs’ Bay
Almost two-thirds of the photograph is taken up by a mound of limpet shells. The seashore is visible in the background. Welch
identifies the setting as Dog's Bay. A shell midden is an archaeological feature, often exposed by sands being blown off during
winter storms. The shells represent the diet of the earliest inhabitents of this part of Connemara.
Temple-na-neeve, Inchangoill, Oughterard
A substantial arch within a stone building is visible. A young man leans against the right hand wall underneath the arch
giving an indication of the scale of the wall and the arch. There is a window in the centre of the wall underneath which is
a stone slab, possibly an altar. Substantial ivy growth can be seen on the upper part of the building. Welch identifies the
site as Temple na Neeve on Inchangoill Island in Lough Corrib. The photograph is probably one of the earliest photographic
representations of the early medieval churches still visible on the island.
Cyclopean Door and Masonry of Temple Phaidrig Inchangoil 5th or 6th century
A wall constructed of substantial cut stones is visble, surmounted by a large growth of ivy. The doorway in the centre narrows
from the ground towards the lintel and is described by Welch as cyclopian. The door way and building are substantially the
same as depicted by Welch in his photograph.
Hiberno Romanesque door Inchangoill
A view of an arched doorway leading into a stone church building.The building is of cut stone. Heads are carved on the outer
portion of the arch.
Ingnacdon’s Stone, Inchangoill, Oughterard
A stone pillar carved with ogham writing. The pillar is covered with lichen and stands against a background of ferns and other
A Bog cabin, Benlettery
Six people are standing or sitting outside the entrance to a poorly constructed thatched cabin. The walls appear to be of
dry stone construction and planks are used to weigh down the thatch. The girls in the photograph are barefoot but wearing
white aprons despite the squalor of their surroundings.
A Mountain Farm, Ballinahinch
View of a thatched and partially white-washed cabin which appears to have been extended or may have a barn for housing animals
at one end. A substantailly cultivated garden with ridges ready for planting is visble in front of the cabin surrounded by
a dry-stone wall. Mountains are visible in the background.
Cyclopean Masonry and Window of Saint MacDara’s Oratory, Roundstone
A view taken from inside St. MacDara's oratory. The sea is visible through the window in the gable which has been constructed
of cut stone.
The '12 Bens' and Roundstone Bay from 'the Station' McDara’s Island
A cross-shaped slab and other cut stones are visible in the foreground. Three people are sitting on rocks in the distance.
The background consists of Roundstone Bay and a fine linear view of the Twelve Bens.
Gleninagh and the '12 Bens' range from Lisoughter Hill
At least three cabins, of differing quality, are visible. The building in the foreground has a thatched roof and a single
window and door. In the distance is a more substantial white-washed cottage with several windows and doors. The roof of another
cottage is visble close to the water just seen at the foot of the mountain. This is Knocknahillion, part of the Twelve Bens
range, with very distinct markings made by the retreating ice.
Maam Turc Mts from Derryclare lake
View of Derryclare Lake with mountain in the background. Two cattle, one with horns, are standing in the lake.
Gleninagh in Maytime
Gleninagh in Maytime indicates when Welch took this photograph and this is further reinforced by a substantial gorse bush
in flower on left of photograph.
Among the 12 Bens, Col or Mountain pass between Bengower and Benbreen
View depicting steep and rocky mountain terrain.
On the Summit of Ben Lettery
The photograph depicts a group of mountain climbers on the summit of a mountian. Welch's caption informs us this is Ben Lettery.
Benbreen '12 Bens' showing Mt. Saluscs and the results of the 'frost hammer'
View depicting steep sloping rocky mountain terrain. Welch's first love was natural history and this is evident by the caption
where he wishes to draw the viewer's attention to the effect of glaciation on the rock face.
A Corner of Killeany Village, Aranmore
The photograph shows a collection of neatly thatched stone built cottages, some of which are whitewashed. Two children sit
on the wall while a man stands outside the gate. A woman is visible in front of the door way of the cottage.
Irish Field Club Union with English friends landing at Aranmore, July 1895 First excursion arranged to take advantage of new
View of pier with boat at anchor in harbour. There is a large crowd on the pier. The local people can be distinguished from
the visitors by their dress. Welch indicates that this is a visit to the Aran Islands by members of the Irish Field Club Union
in July 1895.
View of the gothic style church at Kylemore, Connemara. The church was built by the then owner of the Kylemore estate, Mitchell
Henry, between 1877-1881, as a memorial to his wife Margaret, who had died while travelling in Egypt.
View of Gothic-revival style house known as Kylemore Castle, begun by the estate owner, Mitchell Henry, in 1867. Construction
lasted four years cost over £29,000.
A Mountain Torrent from the Maam Turcs in the Vale of Inagh
View of rushing water over rocks. Welch's caption indicates the water is running off the Maamturk mountains.
L. Shindillagh and the Maam Turc Mountains
View of lake and mountain scenery. A portion of the shoreline, on which some trees are growing, juts out into the water from
the left. The mountain in the background appears to be the lower slopes of Corcog.
Ballinahinch - Connemara
View of lake in foreground with large house and mountain in the distance. The lake shore is densely wooded. Welch tells us
this is Ballyinahinch. The house was originally built in the 1840s by Thomas Martin whose estate was bankrupted by the famine.
It was later the property of the cricketer Prince Ranjitsinhji, Maharajah of Nawanager and is now a country house hotel.
Kylemore Pass and Diamond Mt.
View of lake and dramatic pass between two mountains. A road threads its way along the lake shore on the right.
Cashel Bay, Hotel and School
View of water with buildings in the distance. Two of the buildings are large and two storey while the other two are thatched
Loughaniernan and Maam Turc range
View of lake with mountains in the background. There is a building not far from the shore line of the lake. It may have been
part of the railway construction.
Kylemore Lake and Castle
Distant view of Kylemore Castle with mountain rising to the right of the photograph
Ballinahinch River Salmon fishery
View of river with rocky shoreline. Mountain rising in background. The Ballyinahinch river is a famous fishing ground in Connemara.
The mountain in the background is Benlettery.
Dog's Bay, Roundstone
The curved expanse of beach at Dog's Bay, Roundstone, is visible. There are rocky hill slopes in the background on which are
dotted some white-washed cottages. One person is standing on the beach gazing out to sea. There are sand dunes in the foreground.
Cashel Mountain from O’Loghlin’s Hotel
View of mountain rising in the background from lakeshore.
The summit crags of Bengower from Benlettery
View of steep and rocky mountain
Crags of Ben na Sidura
View of two mountain climbers on steep rocky slope. Welch informs us this is Ben an Saighduir. Tradition suggests it is so
called because a member of the Army Ordnance Corps was killed here during map surveying work for the first edition of the
Ordnance Survey map in the 1830s.
The Vale of Inagh and (Maam) Turk Range
View of cabin with cultivated field in foreground and body of water to the rear. A mountain rises steeply in the background.
Railway Bridge Galway, Looking North East
Panoromic view of the bridge carrying the Galway Clifden railway over the river Corrib at Woodquay. The weir detail in the
foreground and to the right of the photograph suggest it was taken from the Eglington Canal bank.